Scaling and root planing are procedures that involve the removal of plaque in the teeth. When the gums and tissues are damaged, the dentist performs scaling and root planning to save your teeth. These are the typical steps in the scaling and root planing procedures:
To help control the pain, the dentist will use local anesthesia to numb the area affected. The patient will be awake and conscious for the whole procedure but will feel a loss of sensation.
After administering local anesthesia, the dentist will now perform scaling in which they remove the plaque in the gums and between the teeth crowns. The dentist may perform the scaling manually or using an instrument called Calvitron. During the procedure, the dentist scrapes and cleans the surfaces to remove the plaque and bacteria.
When teeth are infected, the dentist removes plaque and tartar deep beneath the gum line while deep cleaning the roots of infected teeth. Moreover, in root planing, the dentist removes the film covering the root of the teeth.
The dentist carefully irrigates your gums with antibiotics to disinfect them. After a few days, healing gums will gradually connect to your teeth.
For patients suffering from periodontal disease, may recommend scaling and root planing twice a year.