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Dr. Benjamin Woo & Associates

Creating Beautiful Healthy Smiles

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Types of Periodontal Disease

Types of Periodontal Disease - Newmarket dentists by Woo Dental

There are several types of periodontal disease. All classes need to be treated by a periodontist to stop the growth and save your gums and bones. Below are some of the most common types of periodontal disease and their treatment:

1. Gingivitis

Your gums are healthy when they are pink and firm. Suppose you notice that your gums are red, swollen, or bleeding. In that case, you have gingivitis which is the mildest case of periodontal disease. A lack of proper oral hygiene causes gingivitis. When you see your dentist for treatment, you will be able to get rid of gingivitis. 

2. Periodontitis

Compared to gingivitis, periodontitis affects your gums and your teeth. It can also damage your jawbone, which can lead to tooth loss. The warning signs of periodontitis are receding gums, chronic bad breath and pockets in your gums that may contain pus.

3. Aggressive periodontitis

The destruction of gingival tissue, gingival ligaments (which support your teeth), and bone progress significantly. In this case, periodontitis is progressing rapidly.

4. Chronic periodontitis

This disease results in inflammation of the supporting gingival tissue and bone loss. When periodontitis is chronic, it usually deteriorates slowly.

5. Systemic periodontitis:

This condition occurs because of systemic diseases, including:

  • Respiratory disease
  • Heart disease
  • Diabetes

6. Necrotizing periodontal disease

People suffering from HIV, malnutrition, and immunosuppression are highly at risk for this type of gum disease. In necrosis, tissues die. Even though gum tissue, periodontal ligaments, and alveolar bone will not deteriorate, they will be deprived of nourishment, leading to tissue death.

Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. It’s also a significant risk factor for heart disease and stroke. But, you can prevent it with regular dental checkups from your Newmarket dentist. Book an appointment today.

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