Periodontal disease starts with a bacterial infection, which can destroy the tissue and bone. Periodontal disease when not treated; chances are the inflammation can pull back the gums, and the teeth become wobbly and unstable.
During the pregnancy period, women can experience increased levels of hormones. The increase of hormones can trigger the development of periodontal disease. Studies also show that oral health problems can affect the baby’s weight and can cause premature birth. The risk of prenatal and postnatal complications decreases when pregnant women seek immediate treatment for periodontal disease.
Here are the reasons why periodontal disease can affect pregnancy.
The bacteria in the gums can travel in the blood and can affect the other body organs. In the case of pregnant women, the bacteria can reach their mammary glands.
Periodontal disease can help trigger prostaglandin in mothers. Prostaglandin is a compound responsible for labour during birth. Prostaglandin levels increase when periodontal disease is present and can lead to the premature delivery of babies.
C- reactive protein is associated with heart disease and premature birth. Periodontal disease can enhance the levels of C-reactive protein, which allows the body to react. Once the periodontal infection enters the bloodstream, the liver will produce more protein that can cause blood clots. Blood clots block the arteries resulting in a heart attack.
Nowadays, there are a lot of non-surgical treatments for periodontal disease intended for pregnant women. These treatments ensure that pregnant women will have a safe delivery.
To make an accurate diagnosis, the dentist will check the condition of the gums. If a plaque builds up, the dentist will conduct scaling and root planing to remove tartar and bacteria accumulated in the teeth. The dentist will also provide recommendations on effective oral care habits they can do at home. Early treatment of periodontal disease decreases the chance of getting pregnancy complications.